State of the Art Review: Towards Global Governance of International Migration

15 years of intergovernmental recommendations and conclusions


authors: Wies Maas, Khalid Koser
Partner: Western Union

Publication date: july 2010


The purpose of this review is to present a comprehensive overview and analysis of the conclusions and recommendations of the six major intergovernmental initiatives on international migration in the last two decades – the International Conference on Population and Development, the Global Commission on International Migration, the UN High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development, and three meetings of the Global Forum on Migration and Development. It pays particular attention to the role of civil society and non-state actors, both in providing input into these initiatives and also being included in their output.

The review is intended to serve as a mapping exercise and provide a monitoring tool for national policy makers and the international community; provide a tool for non-governmental stakeholders in international migration, such as civil society organizations, businesses, local governments and international policy makers, by identifying areas of consensus where there is potential for further cooperation with national governments, as well as gaps that need to be filled; and draw conclusions on next steps towards developing international cooperation that take into account both the human rights and human development of refugees, migrants and societies at large

Ten key migration themes that recur across the six initiatives are identified, and the conclusions and recommendations are categorized by these themes. The themes are: Root causes; Labour Migration; Human Rights and Protection; Migration and Development; Circular, Temporary and Return Migration and Reintegration; Irregular Migration; Social Cohesion and Integration; Gender; Governance and Cooperation; and: Evidence, Research and Data.

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The Global Economic Crises and Migration – Where Do We Go From Here?

Author: Bimal Ghosh
Partner: International Organization for Migration (IOM)

Publication date: 2010


The corrosive effects of the Great Recession – the worst since the 1930s – on labour markets and workforces are now widely known. These, in turn, are driving changes in migration policies and patterns – changes that can significantly influence social peace, inter-state relations, and the pace of global economic recovery. Yet these migration issues have thus far received little attention, with recession-related policy debates and public discussions mostly focused on financial rules and reform.

Into this void comes Bimal Ghosh’s new book, jointly sponsored by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and The Hague Process on Refugees and Migration, which bridges the policy gap and offers a fresh outlook on the future of migration. In exploring the recession’s impact on migration policies and patterns, Professor Ghosh examines the decline in economic growth – including international trade, capital flows, development aid, and remittances – and analyses its links to joblessness and incomes, poverty and inequality, and changes in the labour force.

The discussion draws on experiences of past recessions showing that job-market recovery takes longer than economic recovery. He then examines how these trends – and government reactions to them in both rich and poor countries – have been influencing migration overall.

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